Developing Literacy Skills in Children of Different Age Groups
Children need a helping hand in all ages to develop their literacy skills. However, the initial few years are particularly crucial in this respect. All the basic abilities that they will be making use of later are based on what they learn in these formative years.
Hence, parents need to pay special focus on these years to help their child learn as much as they can. And that too in the best way possible!
Let’s have a look at the 2 main age groups that need particular attention and which activities should be undertaken by parents in that age to accommodate their children.
Babies & Toddlers
This age group is made up of all pre-school children. This is where the role of parents becomes much more prominent. It may seem a bit early to begin in this age group but when it comes to the literacy development of your children, it is never too early.
Let’s have a look at the activities that preschoolers need.
1. Singing & Talking
Children in this age learn as much as they listen. You can develop the habit of talking to them as they sit and watch while you do your work. Talk about anything and everything. For instance, if you are cooking talk about the vegetables you are chopping, name the dish you are going to make, talk about its taste, smell etc.
Another efficient way is singing. Use as many rhymes as possible. For example, when putting your child to sleep you can say, ‘Sleep tight, don’t let the bedbugs bite!’ Essentially, any rhymes can be used, even made up ones. Through rhymes, your child can learn the rhythm of the language.
Although your baby will not be able to read, they will be able to listen to your voice as you read to them out from a book. It helps children focus on connotations, the tone of voice and expressions. When you read a story from a book, you should do it with full expressions to improve your child’s understanding of the ups and downs in the story.
3. Drawing & Writing
You should encourage your children to draw with pencils and crayons even if they only end up doodling. It helps develop their fine motor skills.
School Going Children
In this age, you can expand the number of activities for your children. Let’s have a look at some of the interesting things that you can do!
1. Play Innovative Learning Games
You can make learning quite fun for your kids. As they return from school you can leave written clues all over the house so they can find you using these. Not only will they be required to read the clues, the final clue could be reading of a small passage of a storybook. Eventually, they will become habitual of reading for pleasure.
2. Start a Book Club in Your Home
After evening tea gathers everyone in the house for a book club. Every member of the house would select a book of their choice and read it out aloud. This will make your children confident in reading books out loud helping them improve their class participation. Not only that but you can also rectify their pronunciation errors as they read on!
The literary development of your children should always be your foremost priority. Use these activities to make sure they succeed in every stage of their life!